The Basic Rules

It is essential that you are aware of the following rules before you commence competition. There are many rules (GCRs) contained in the Manual of Motorcycle Sport which are applicable to all competitors and competitions and are binding on all participants. Once you have been issued with your copy of the Manual of Motorcycle Sport it is your responsibility to know the rules.

Rules are a necessary part of any organisation with the main aim being for all the participants to comply with a common standard and of course to ensure that events are conducted in a safe environment.

Supplementary regulations are issued by a competition organiser to provide particular details about an event. They may expand on any rule, but may not go outside them.

The following list outlines some rules, definitions and advice.

Withdrawal from course

Any competitor whose exclusion from a race has been signalled shall immediately leave the course. A competitor whose machine has stopped on the course should not jeopardise the chances or safety of others by staying on the course to make adjustments, repairs or restart their machine.

Stopping a race

If, in the opinion of the Steward or the Clerk of the Course it would be dangerous for a race to continue, the race may be stopped.

Leaving the course

The Steward or Clerk of Course of the meeting can exclude any competitor who has gained an advantage by leaving the track, unless such action was for the safety of other competitors or was due to the action of another competitor.

Foul or dangerous riding

The Steward or Clerk of Course of the meeting will exclude any competitor who in their opinion is guilty of any foul, unfair or dangerous conduct.

The Steward may also declare the race void and order a re-run if, in their opinion, an offending rider jeopardised the fair chances of one or more of the other riders in the race.

Punctuality in starting

All meetings must commence at the published time (however, there may be changes in extreme circumstances). Any competitor not ready to start at the end of this time may be considered a non starter.

Practice for a competition

Only competitors entering an event and/or nominated reserves shall participate in any practice for the particular competition for which they have entered.

Start and finish

The crossing of the starting and finishing lines in speed events is when any part of the machine passes over the line.
The actual time of the start and the finish of the race shall be taken when the order to start is given or when the starting line is crossed, according to the method of start, and when the finishing line is crossed.
A sidecar shall be considered to have finished a race provided that both the rider and the passenger are in the machine at the finish of the event.

Drugs and intoxicants

MA has adopted the Australian Sports Commission (ASC) Doping Policy, and adheres to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) definition of doping and listing of banned substances. These can be found in the ASC Doping Policy. For further information see the Manual of Motorcycle Sport or visit

Impounding a motorcycle

The Stewards of a meeting may order any motorcycle, which they have reason to believe may not be in accordance with the GCRs or Supplementary Regulations, to be impounded at the end of the meeting. The motorcycle may be retained until it is examined.

Racing numbers

There are specific requirements concerning racing numbers, number plates, types of numbers etc. Before you select a number or make a number-plate for your bike check with your club, coach or SCB as to the allocation of numbers and number plate requirements. Rules relating to number plates are contained in the GCRs.

Track Signals

The following track signals are given to competitors by means of lights or flags and are used in practice as well as during races. The meanings of each signal are detailed below:


Manner Used

Meaning of Signal

Australian flag

Flag Dropped or Raised

Starting flag.

Red Flag


Race or practice interrupted and rider/s must stop racing and immediately return to the pits with the utmost care and attention. Compulsory for everyone. May also be used to close the circuit.

Black Flag

Stationary & Black Board with rider's number

Rider with the number indicated on the blackboard must stop at the pits on the next lap. For speedway a light or coloured disc indicating the riders helmet colour shall be displayed. The rider must immediately and safely stop racing then move to a safe position on the infield.

Yellow Flag

Held Stationary

Danger, drive slowly, overtaking forbidden.

Yellow Flag


Immediate danger, slow down, prepare to stop, overtaking forbidden.

Yellow Flag with Red Stripes

Held Stationary

Deterioration of adhesion of the track.

White Flag


Slow moving intervention vehicle on track.

Blue Flag

Held Stationary

Overtaking signal warning that the rider is SOON TO BE overtaken.

Blue Flag


Overtaking signal warning that the rider is ABOUT TO BE overtaken.



Course clear.

LAST LAP A sign with the words

Held Stationary

Indicates last lap of any event.

Black and White chequered Flag


Finish of race.

Please note the following signals which may also be used:

  • The National flag at the start of a race may be replaced by a light signal, a rubber band, or a dropping gate or starting tapes.
  • Flag signals may be supplemented by light signals as follows:
    • One or two flashing yellow lights: same signification as the yellow flag.
    • Green Light: same signification as the green flag.
    • Red Light: same signification as the red flag.
  • For Speedway: A start warning shall be given to indicate to competitors that there is two minutes left before the start. The warning shall be audible in the pits and be a horn, siren or bell. A flashing amber light, visible in the pits, shall also be used to indicate the two minutes warning.

Now that you know the basic rules you should be ready to start racing. To do this, you'll need a competition licence.

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